4 Types Of Steel Plates Used For Construction
What are the different types of steel plates used for construction?
- Checkered Plates
- Galvanized Plates
- Mid Steel Plates
- B.I. and G.I. Plates
Steel plate is the term used for any steel material formed into a plate. This is one of the most versatile metal materials as it comes in various widths, lengths, and finishes. Steel plates can also be further fabricated into various shapes. Depending on how these steel plates are fabricated, they can be used for diverse and complex construction applications — mainly for structural support and sections.
There are numerous types of steel plates used for construction. Each steel plate has its own set of properties that vary from anti-corrosion factors to the ability to stand at different temperatures. Steel plates in the construction of bridges, railways, warehouses, and buildings. Given that each construction project is unique, choosing the right steel plate specification is crucial.
Continue reading to learn about the different kinds of steel plates for construction.
Checkered steel plates are characterized by the raised angular patterns on the sheet’s surface. These raised patterns provide more grip to the entire surface of the plate. This makes it easier to move around while being used.
Due to the checkered steel plates’ texture, people experience fewer skids and slips. That’s why it’s the ideal material for walkways and pathways, both for people and vehicles. You can see this steel plate in parking flooring, elevator flooring, and industrial stairs. Its texture makes it safer and more secure to move around.
Aside from flooring, you can find this steel plate used as corner guards for the walls and door kick plates.
Checkered plates are also easy to maintain. Its surfaces are resistant to many unwanted elements like dirt, oils, dust, and various liquids.
Galvanized steel plates are characterized by their strength and resistance to corrosion. With galvanization, the steel is submerged into molten zinc to add an extra layer of strength. Despite its strength, it is still possible to mold galvanized plates into different forms. This makes it ideal for many projects.
Galvanized plates also have higher resistance to wear and tear, thanks to an extra layer of zinc. Because of this, these steel plates can handle varying temperatures. That’s why it’s used in different household appliances like hot water heaters.
It is also a common choice for sheds and roofings, like corrugated roofing sheets. It is also used for automobiles because of its durability and long lifespan. You can expect galvanized steel plates to last a few decades since it takes a while for the anti-corrosive treatment to wear off.
Mild Steel Plates
Mild steel plates are the most popular plates in the construction industry because of their versatility and ease of use. It is a type of carbon steel and comes in different thicknesses.
These plates can easily be welded or formed into different shapes. This makes it useful when construction companies create structures and sections. It can also be cut and bent into different shapes, making it easy to form different steel structures and various equipment.
On top of that, mild steel plates don’t require special tools to cut or remove sections of plates.
You’ll see mild steel plates used for many construction and industrial purposes. It can also be used in the shipping industry to make offshore equipment. It is also used in the construction of various infrastructures like warehouses, buildings, bridges, and transport terminals.
B.I. and G.I. Plates
Black Iron (B.I.) and Galvanized Iron (G.I) Plates are two common steel plates used in construction. G.I. sheets are characterized by their protective metallic coating to prevent corrosion. On the other hand, B.I. sheets are made with copper and aluminum.
Both the steel plates are coated with zinc on all of their sides, just like the galvanization process. In addition to that, electric galvanizing also takes place. This is an electrical current that is passed through the sheet once zinc is applied. This gives it more resistance and strength to the various elements.
Application of G.I. Steel Plates
- Appliances. Its durable yet lightweight material makes it a good material for many household appliances.
- Doors and Wall Panels. Its flat surfaces are ideal for creating the panels needed for both commercial buildings and residential homes.
- Roofing. The protective coating of zinc makes it ideal for the roof since it is resistant to various elements.
Application of B.I. Steel Plates
- Billboards. The look of B.I. sheets makes it an ideal choice for outdoor advertisements.
- Air Conditioning Systems. Its resistance to corrosion and lightweight factor makes it perfect for cooling systems.
- Automotive. Its sturdiness and thickness make good material for cars.
There are many types of steel plates used for construction since it is a common material used in the industry. Through these various plates, companies can make different kinds of parts and equipment. Now, you’ll be able to identify what kind of plate is best for your upcoming construction projects.
If you’re looking for high-quality yet affordable steel plates in the Philippines, you can contact us here at Metal Exponents. We are the best steel manufacturer and steel tube supplier in the Philippines!